Theoretical culturology and the theory of culture
Gutsalenko O.V. —
Folklore and folklorism in the cultural aspect
// Culture and Art.
– 2023. – № 9.
– P. 1 - 8.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0625.2023.9.44004 EDN: XJWPJN URL: https://en.nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=44004
The subject of the study is the concepts of "folklore" and "folklorism". The purpose of the study is to identify the peculiarities of these concepts in culture. Folklore and folklorism are two concepts that are closely related to each other, but at the same time have their essential differences. Folklore is folk art, transmitted from generation to generation by oral or other means. It is a reflection of the cultural and spiritual life of the people, their beliefs, customs and traditions. While folklorism is the use of folklore elements in the creation of new works of art or culture. However, it should be noted that the distinction between these two concepts can be quite elusive. Some researchers argue that all statements of any author are the result of a combination of folklore elements and the author's personal style. Thus, it can be argued that every work contains both elements of folklore and elements of the author's personality. Comparisons are made in order to consider similarities and differences of terminological features of these concepts. Scientific methods of research are: cultural-historical, descriptive, and comparative analysis. This topic is relevant and understudied in culture, which constitutes the scientific novelty of the work. The article for the first time considers the term "folklorism" in comparison with the term "folklore". The vagueness and instability of the term "folklorism" was the reason why researchers rarely used it. Having considered various points of view, it should be concluded that folklorism, on a par with folklore culture, permeates many aspects of ethnic life, being not only a symbol of traditional culture, but also a means of promoting and preserving the national spirit of the people. In addition, such a study can be useful for the further development of folk culture and preservation of its values.
literary fairy tale, folk culture, oral folk art, traditional folklore, folklore culture, folklorism, folklore, folktale, cultural phenomenon, modern culture
Philosophy of culture
Belkina V.A. —
Ecological bioethics, ecological and technological ethics in the aspect of the formation of the ecological technosphere
// Culture and Art.
– 2023. – № 9.
– P. 9 - 22.
DOI: 10.7256/2454-0625.2023.9.43984 EDN: ZWWHJL URL: https://en.nbpublish.com/library_read_article.php?id=43984
The relevance of this topic is determined by the fact of the transformation of the modern anthroposociotechnosphere, which is characterized by extremely rapid development of new technologies with ambiguous consequences for nature and man. In our opinion, in order to successfully adapt to this transformation, competent installations of ecological bioethics, environmental and technological ethics should be developed. The purpose of the research is a philosophical analysis of the representations of ethical models of ecological bioethics, ecological and technological ethics in the aspect of the formation and formation of the ecological technosphere as a form of coevolutionary relations of nature, society and technogenic civilization. The need for this analysis is determined by the desire to find a universal strategy for building harmonious relationships in the "nature-man-technology" system. The research is carried out within the framework of the concept of a "new ecological paradigm", which acts as the main theoretical and methodological guideline for us. This concept is based on the idea that humanity is part of an ecosystem, and therefore should live in harmony with nature. In conclusion, it is concluded that in the modern information society, in connection with the growing ecological crisis, the need for the formation of a network, synergetic-coevolutionary concept, methodology, which can be the concept of an ecological technosphere aimed at building a "new dialogue between man and nature", and involving the formation of a new ecological thinking, is of particular importance., including ethical guidelines of ecological bioethics, environmental and technological ethics.
anthroposociotechnosphere, technological ethics, technocentrism, ecocentrism, biocentrism, anthropocentrism, ecological ethics, ecological bioethics, ecological technosphere, new ecological thinking